The Beginning . . .
In 1816, an organization called the American Colonization Society (ACS), was founded by Robert Finley. The organization was made up mostly of white clergymen, abolitionist and former slave owners. The ACS was mainly responsible for establishing Liberia.
The name Liberia actually means “land of the free,” and became a place where people went so they could enjoy freedom. The capital city of Liberia is Monrovia.The city is spread across the Mesurado peninsula with the greater metropolitan area encircling the marshy Mesurado river’s mouth. Attractions include the Liberian National Museum, the Masonic Temple, Waterside Market, several beaches, and the SKD Sports Complex.
Declaration of Independence
One of the things that make Liberia special is, Liberia was the first self-governing country in Africa. The Declaration of Independence, a document officially establishing Liberia as a free and independent nation, was adopted on July 26, 1847. Eleven men signed this document: Samuel Benedict, Hilary Teague, Elijah Johnson, John N. Lewis, Beverly R. Wilson, J. B. Gripon, John Day, Amos Herring, Anthony W. Gardner, Ephrain Titler, and Richard E. Murray.
Every year, July 26 is celebrated as Twenty-six or Independence Day.
The Great Seal of Liberia
The emblem of the Great Seal of Liberia on a document shows that the document is important, genuine and official. Above the Liberian emblem, a picture with a motto, are the written words, The Love of Liberty Brought Us Here, meaning, the settlers founded Liberia to enjoy freedom from slavery. Below the emblem are the words, The Republic of Liberia. The body shows a ship, rising sun, palm tree, plow (wheelbarrow & shovel), and a dove with a scroll in its mouth. The ship signifies the return of the descendants of Africans who had been sold into slavery centuries ago. The palm tree represents the natural resources of Liberia; the plow points out how the natural resources would be removed. The dove stands for peace and the scroll is a sign of communication between Liberia and the world.